aweentioni weešihtooyankwi – myaamiaki neehi eeweemakinciki mihši-maalhsaki
We Make Peace – The Myaamia and Our American Relatives – Part I

In this post, we examine our people’s first treaty with the Mihši-maalhsa – the Treaty of Greenville. While researching this article I relied heavily on Andrew Cayton’s “’Noble Actors’ upon ‘the Theatre of Honour’: Power and Civility in the Treaty of Greenville,” in Contact Points: American Frontiers from the Mohawk Valley to the Mississippi, 1750-1830. Much to my great sorrow, Dr. Cayton passed away in December of 2015. As one of my advisors in my M.A. program, he had an immeasurable impact on my development as an historian. He was a great scholar, teacher, mentor, and a gentle and kind man. He will be missed. kweehsitawaki oonaana neepwaankia.

This post also draws on Harvey Lewis Carter’s The Life and Times of Little Turtle: First Sagamore of the Wabash; and James Buss’s Winning the West with Words: Language and Conquest in the Lower Great Lakes. I highly recommend all of these works if you’re interested in learning more about this period of our history and the intricacies of treaty negotiations in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

In our last post we looked at mikaalitioni taawaawa siipionki (the battle on the Maumee River). This battle, also known as Fallen Timbers, marked the military defeat of the alliance of the Taawaawa Siipiiwi villages. This alliance included Myaamia, Delaware, Shawnee, Ottawa, and Wyandot peoples who lived along the Taawaawa Siipiiwi or nearby as well as their Potawatomi and Ojibwe allies who came from northern villages. Following the battle, each of these villages had to make difficult choices. Some communities sought out the Mihši-maalhsa (Americans) and took the first steps towards peace. Some left the region and moved north or west rather than negotiate. Finally, a few communities tried one last time to convince the British to support their continued resistance against the Americans. However, by the spring of 1795, the majority of these communities agreed to attend a peace negotiation with the United States, which would occur near Ft. Greenville in the summer of that year.

Read the rest of this entry »

noonki kaahkiihkwe tikawi aalahkwahki neehi peehki ceeliteeki (90) toopalanki.

tikawi_aalahkwahki

noonki peehkonteeki naawi napale neepiki (peemineeta).

naawi napale neepiki

taaniši kiišikahki niiyaaha apiyani?

neemani-nko kati aakalaahšimaataweenki? toohkinanto mihtahkiši.
(For English, click below)

Read the rest of this entry »

noonki kaahkiihkwe aahsanteeki neehi peehki ceeliteeki (92).

aahsanteeki

noonki peehkonteeki kiinte waawiyiisita (peemineeta).

waawi2

taaniši kiišikahki niiyaaha apiyani?

neemani-nko kati aakalaahšimaataweenki? toohkinanto mihtahkiši.
(For English, click below)

Read the rest of this entry »

noonki kaahkiihkwe peetilaanki tikawi ceeliteeki (67).

peetilaanki2

noonki peehkonteeki saakiwa wiihkoowia kiilhswa (keešaakosita). kapootwe kati ansiwaatooyankwi miincipi.

saakiwa2

taaniši kiišikahki niiyaaha apiyani?

neemani-nko kati aakalaahšimaataweenki? toohkinanto mihtahkiši.
(For English, click below)

Read the rest of this entry »

wiihkoowia kiilhswa is the forth lunar month of the Myaamia lunar calendar.  Like the other months named for birds, wiihkoowia kiilhswa is associated with the process of transition from pipoonwi (winter) into niipinwi (summer).  The month is named for wiihkoowia (Eastern Whip-poor-will – Antrostomus vociferus).

Caprimulgus_vociferusAAP065B

Around this time of year, Whip-poor-wills return from their winter nesting grounds around the Gulf of Mexico.  Historically, Whip-poor-wills nested throughout our traditional homelands along the Wabash River Valley.  Because these night birds nest on the ground, drastic changes in forest habitat have decreased populations of wiihkoowia in central Indiana and in eastern Missouri near the contemporary home of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma..  The call of wiihkooowia is distinctive and was used to mark the beginning of planting time for Myaamia miincipi (Miami corn).  Corn that is planted during wiihkoowia kiilhswa is usually in the green corn stage by kiišiinkwia kiilhswa (Green Corn Moon).

*image from wikimedia commons here

click here to return to Myaamia Ecology page

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 57 other followers